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How Can Mitral Valve Prolapse Be Prevented?

If you or a loved one have been diagnosed with mitral valve prolapse, you most likely have a lot of questions, such as can it be prevented or how is it managed on a daily basis.

You can't prevent mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Most people who have the condition are born with it.

Complications from MVP, such as arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats) and infective endocarditis (IE), are rare. IE is an infection of the inner lining of your heart chambers and valves.

People at high risk for IE may be given antibiotics before some types of surgery and dental work. Antibiotics can help prevent IE. Your doctor will tell you whether you need this type of treatment.

People at high risk for IE may include those who've had valve repair or replacement or who have some types of underlying heart disease.

Living with Mitral Valve Prolapse

Most people who have mitral valve prolapse have no symptoms or related problems, do not need treatment, and are able to lead normal, active lives. If symptoms and complications do occur, most often you can control them with medicines. However, some people may need transcatheter valve therapy or heart valve surgery to relieve their symptoms and prevent complications. Rarely, mitral valve prolapse can cause arrhythmias and other problems.

Ongoing Care

If you have MVP, ongoing care is important. Ask your doctor how often you should schedule follow-up visits. See your doctor if your symptoms worsen. You should talk to your doctor about:

  • Medicines
  • Heart-healthy lifestyle changes

Medicines

Take all of your medicines as your doctor prescribes, including blood-thinning and high blood pressure medicines. Also, avoid taking birth control pills because they can raise your risk for blood clots.

Heart-Healthy Lifestyle Changes

Make heart-healthy lifestyle changes such as:

Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Why The Heart Hospital?

For functional mitral valve disease, The Heart Hospital Baylor Plano offers traditional and catheter-based mitral valve replacement with advanced devices such as the MitraClip®​​.

Patients should call 1.855.506.4415 for a referral to a physician on The Heart Hospital medical staff that specializes in mitral valve disease. Referring physicians may call 469.336.3843 to schedule a patient for evaluation.

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