Many things can cause palpitations. You may have these feelings even when your heart is beating normally or somewhat faster than normal.
Most palpitations are harmless and often go away on their own. However, some palpitations are signs of a heart problem. Sometimes the cause of palpitations can't be found.
If you start having palpitations, see your doctor to have them checked
You may feel your heart pounding or racing during anxiety, fear, or stress. You also may have these feelings if you're having a panic attack.
Intense activity can make your heart feel like it's beating too hard or too fast, even though it's working normally. Intense activity also can cause occasional premature (extra) heartbeats.
Some medical conditions can cause palpitations. These conditions can make the heart beat faster or stronger than usual. They also can cause premature (extra) heartbeats.
Examples of these medical conditions are:
The hormonal changes that happen during pregnancy, menstruation, and the premenopausal period may cause palpitations. The palpitations will likely improve or go away as these conditions go away or change.
Some palpitations that occur during pregnancy may be due to anemia.
Many medicines can trigger palpitations because they can make the heart beat faster or stronger than usual. Medicines also can cause premature (extra) heartbeats.
Examples of these medicines include:
Over-the-counter medicines that act as stimulants also may cause palpitations. These include decongestants (found in cough and cold medicines) and some herbal and nutritional supplements.
Caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, and illegal drugs (such as cocaine and amphetamines) also can cause palpitations.
Some palpitations are symptoms of
arrhythmias. Arrhythmias are problems with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat. However, less than half of the people who have palpitations have arrhythmias.
During an arrhythmia, the heart can beat too fast, too slow, or with an irregular rhythm. An arrhythmia happens if some part of the heart's electrical system doesn't work as it should.
Palpitations are more likely to be related to an arrhythmia if you:
If you are experiencing heart palpitations, you should contact your doctor to help determine the cause and seriousness of your palpitation.
Symptoms of palpitations include feelings that your heart is:
You may have these feelings in your chest, throat, or neck. They can occur during activity or even when you're sitting still or laying down.
Palpitations often are harmless, and your heart is working normally. However, these feelings can be a sign of a more serious problem if you also:
Your doctor may have already told you that your palpitations are harmless. Even so, see your doctor again if your palpitations:
Your doctor will want to check whether your palpitations are the symptom of a heart problem, such as an arrhythmia.
Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
If you are experiencing heart palpitation symptoms, schedule an appointment with your physician or a cardiologist. They will work with you, run the appropriate tests for diagnosis and create the right treatment plan, if necessary. If you are in need of a trusted physician, call 1.855.922.9567.
Physicians are members of the medical staff at one of Baylor Health Care System's subsidiary, community or affiliated medical centers and are neither employees nor agents of those medical centers, Baylor Scott & White The Heart Hospital – Plano or Baylor Health Care System.