You can take steps to prevent heart failure. The sooner you start, the better your chances of preventing or delaying the condition. The most important thing you can do to prevent heart failure is to reduce your risk factors. You can control many risk factors by making lifestyle changes, including:
For People Who Are at High Risk for Heart Failure
Even if you're at high risk for heart failure, you can take steps to reduce your risk. People at high risk include those who have coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, or diabetes.
Follow all of the steps listed above. Talk with your doctor about what types and amounts of physical activity are safe for you.
For People Who Have Heart Damage but No Signs of Heart Failure
If you have heart damage but no signs of heart failure, you can still reduce your risk of developing the condition. In addition to the steps above, take your medicines as prescribed to reduce your heart's workload.
Currently, heart failure has no cure. You'll likely have to take medicine and follow a treatment plan for the rest of your life.
Despite treatment, symptoms may get worse over time. You may not be able to do many of the things that you did before you had heart failure. However, if you take all the steps your doctor recommends, you can stay healthier longer.
Researchers also might find new treatments that can help you in the future.
Follow Your Treatment Plan
Treatment can relieve your symptoms and make daily activities easier. It also can reduce the chance that you'll have to go to the hospital. Thus, it's important that you follow your treatment plan.
Take Steps to Prevent Heart Failure from Getting Worse
Certain actions can worsen your heart failure, such as:
These actions can lead to a hospital stay. If you have trouble following a diet, talk with your doctor. They can help arrange for a dietitian to work with you. Avoid drinking alcohol.
People who have heart failure often have other serious conditions that require ongoing treatment. If you have other serious conditions, you're likely taking medicines for them as well as for heart failure.
Taking more than one medicine raises the risk of side effects and other problems. Make sure your doctors and your pharmacist have a complete list of all of the medicines and over-the-counter products that you're taking.
Tell your doctor right away about any problems with your medicines. Also, talk with your doctor before taking any new medicine prescribed by another doctor or any new over-the-counter medicines or herbal supplements.
Try to avoid respiratory infections like the flu and pneumonia. Ask your doctor or nurse about getting flu and pneumonia vaccines.
If you have heart failure, it's important to know:
Emotional Issues and Support
Living with heart failure may cause fear, anxiety, depression, and stress. Talk about how you feel with your health care team. Talking to a professional counselor also can help. If you're very depressed, your doctor may recommend medicines or other treatments that can improve your quality of life.
Joining a patient support group may help you adjust to living with heart failure. You can see how other people who have the same symptoms have coped with them. Talk with your doctor about local support groups or check with an area medical center.
Support from family and friends also can help relieve stress and anxiety. Let your loved ones know how you feel and what they can do to help you.
Source: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; National Institutes of Health; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Congestive Heart Failure Center
The Congestive Heart Failure Center provides support services and regular consultations to assist you with daily living activities as they relate to your heart failure, including:
The Heart Hospital Baylor offers a full range of wellness and prevention programs designed to help you improve heart health and live a healthier life. Our programs include nutrition services, behavior change techniques, early detection screenings, family heart disease screenings, and more.
Physicians are members of the medical staff at one of Baylor Health Care System's subsidiary, community or affiliated medical centers and are neither employees nor agents of those medical centers, The Heart Hospital Baylor Plano or Baylor Health Care System.